Tuesday, January 31, 2012

University of Dayton Student "Auto Biography" by Meredith Hirt -- "Cal"

Meredith Hirt
HST 344-1 Heitmann

My Auto-Biography

Inside my car is my favorite place to be.
I love driving. But I’m also very fond of sleeping and showering and eating but my bed, my bathroom and my kitchen are not my favorite places. There’s more to it than just the placement of my hand on the wheel and my foot on the gas.
A lot of it has to do with being in control. I wouldn’t call myself a controlling person; I am a person who likes to be in control. The difference, though seemingly subtle, has to do with the influence I have on other people. I will not try to control you. You make your own decisions. I just have to be in control of myself and the situation that I am in. If you’re involved in that situation, then, yes, you may feel the force of the control I’m exerting. I’m not trying to pull you along; but if you jumped in the river knowing you wanted to go upstream but you’re not strong enough to swim against the current, that’s your problem.
In my car – Caliente, Cal for short – I am completely in control. I turn the wheel.
I am also in control of my environment. NO eating in my car. NO ONE who is not related to me drives my car. (I don’t share well. Any of my friends will attest to this. Maybe it’s because I’m the youngest child. Maybe it’s because I’m naturally a brat. Either way, Caliente is mine and you are not sitting in the driver’s seat.) NO sitting on my hood. You better not slam the damn door if you know what’s good for you. My car, my rules.
And then there’s the independence. The fact that, given enough road and enough gas, I can go anywhere I want to, all on my own. I don’t need a passenger. Sirius radio keeps me company just fine. As long as the asphalt treats me well, I’ll respect it. It’s a mutual agreement that works out much better than most of my human-to-human relationships. Analyze that how you may.
My car is my place. I can sing too loudly. I can pick my nose. I can scroll through the seven colors of ambiance lighting to pick the one that best matches my outfit. And you know what? Cal won’t judge me. You’d think that a relationship with a car would be strictly physical (I wash him, I “feed” him, he lets me sit on his lap), but my attachment runs much deeper than that. Caliente isn’t just some guy who touches me and asks for nothing in return. Contrarily, he isn’t obliquely needy in a way I can’t or won’t satisfy. When he needs something, he is able to tell me through a single illuminated icon. I provide. He shuts up. No argument, no hurt feelings.
When I’m driving, I feel like I’m part of something bigger than myself. I was on the highway recently, at night, with no one ahead of me in sight. As I descended a hill, I looked in my rear view mirror. And behind me, following the guidance of my taillights was a team of cars. It seemed, for a second, not just that I was my own leader, but capable of leading this fleet of others to whatever surely incredible destination awaited us. And I could do it because I was in my favorite place.
My relationship with my car may be abnormal in the eyes of some. I may appear, regardless of my denial of it, to be a complete control freak. However, others’ judgment doesn’t matter to me. Because Cal doesn’t care.

Friday, January 27, 2012

A Brief Biography of Harvey Firestone

Harvey Firestone

The "Millionaires Club" out fishing

Race Driver Ab Jenkins and Harvey Firestone on a Firestone equipped tractor

Firestone, Harvey Samuel (1868-1938), established the Firestone Tire & Rubber Company (now Bridgestone/Firestone, Inc.) in Akron, Ohio, in 1900. Emerging as of the leading manufacturers of car and truck tires after 1906, Firestone's firm played a key role in putting America on wheels. As a supporter of the "Good Roads Movement" and the transcontinental Lincoln Highway, Firestone was known as an independent competitive businessman, who cut prices whenever possible and who shunned industry agreements. Serving as president of his company from 1903 to 1926, and chairman of the board of directors until his death on Feb. 7, 1938, he is remembered not only for his executive abilities, but also as a philanthropist whose gift made possible the Firestone Library at Princeton University.
After starting out as a bookkeeper and patent medicine salesman, in 1895 young Firestone became employed at his uncle's Columbus Buggy Company. Later he was employed as a manager at the Consolidated Rubber Tire Company, a leading manufacturer of carriage tires. Buggy tires were made of solid rubber, but after starting his own company and faced with the opportunity of supplying automobile tires to Henry Ford beginning 1906, he quickly gained expertise in the design and manufacture of pneumatic tires. Firestone's keen interest in technical progress resulted in several improvements, especially in the area of truck tires. The demonstration of the superiority of Firestone pneumatic tires over solid rubber tires during the 1919 transcontinental military truck convoy convincingly showed that trucks could transport goods cheaply and with flexibility over long distances. Later, in 1931, Firestone became the first to market a practical air-filled tire for farm machinery.
In 1926, Firestone, troubled by trade restrictions on the importation of rubber from British colonies, purchased a plantation in Liberia to produce rubber. In 1926, he signed an agreement with the Liberian government to lease 1 million acres (400,000 hectares) of land for the development of rubber plantations. He also made large loans to Liberia and built for it a new and improved harbor. Firestone also led in investigating the rubber resources of the Philippines and South America, and he encouraged American investment in rubber-growing countries. That interest led Firestone to also promote a search for alternative sources for natural rubber in the United States, primarily in Florida.
Firestone's relationship with Henry Ford and the Ford Motor Company extended beyond one focused on business matters. Along with Thomas Edison and Ford, Firestone was a member of the so-called "Millionaires" Club, a group that frequently went on highly publicized camping trips between 1918 and 1924. Later, Firestone's Ohio boyhood home would be moved to Ford's Greenfield Village museum, and Henry Ford's grandson would marry Harvey Firestone's granddaughter. Thus, an agreement to supply tires for the Ford Model T at the beginning of the automobile age ultimately blossomed into the forging of long-standing family ties.
John A. Heitmann
University of Dayton

A UD Student "Auto-Biography" -- Ryan Burg and his 1982 Kawasaki 440ltd

An American Love and a Motorcycle, an ‘Auto’ Biography by Ryan Burg.

The 1982 Kawasaki 440ltd, was my project and although similar to the 1987 Porsche 924s project I share with my father, only the motorcycle was a love affair. These vehicles have helped build my relationships with many people, my parents, myself, and an unnamed woman. As cheesy as that sounds, you don’t know yourself that well until you spend some hours saddled over a machine with nothing but the sound of wind and the subtle, but ever constant, don’t die mentality. Similarly, sharing that love for fear with a woman is something I think every man should experience, that is having her on your back and that occasional chill that rattles your spine as she grips harder with her own don’t die mentality, while you lean into a turn and accelerate out of it. Needless to say, some of the best moments I have had were on that bike
As an exuberant freshman at the University of Dayton, I often found my free time browsing the motorcycle classifieds on craigslist. I did the research and quoted the insurance; I knew my financial situation and I knew it was tight. “Eight hundred dollars, not a penny more” I said to myself. This purchase was premeditated, having already taken the 2-3 hour ordeal to acquire my class M permit, I was ready. Then finally I found a bike that was listed for a grand that I really liked. This was after riding bikes of all different shapes and sizes from all corners of Dayton. I rode the bike, told the guy I liked it and offered him “Eight hundred dollars, not a penny more”. He said no. I packed up my old truck (1991 GMC sierra rust bucket) got in, put the crank window down, and said “Let me rephrase that. Do you have the title and is there a notary around here?” “Yesir” he replied. “Forty twenty dollar bills” I said while holding the cash in my hand. He liked that, so I kept my promise, and didn’t spend a penny more.
That was until insurance, tires, etc. but those expenses were cost of ownership, and came in over a few months so they were manageable. Here is the best part: I had that bike in the bed of my truck with the truck cap over top of it, and it sat in bed of my truck until I took it back to Pittsburgh to my parents. My Mom was far from happy with my newest surprise, but I didn’t care. I was young and I had my own motorcycle. My name was on the title, mine. My Dad had that I’m going to act like I’m mad look but as soon as he helped me get it out of my truck he was on it and up the road he went, possibly forgetting how loud a motorcycle is at full throttle as I heard him downshift once he was around the corner, out of sight. He also had a motorcycle while he was a young man, and he couldn’t hide his smirk as he pulled back in the driveway. I drove the bike to work daily and took it and the unnamed woman for many rides that will never be forgotten, and right now I know more about the smirk he was wearing. The rides around my hometown on hot summer days in nothing more than shorts, a tee shirt, and that woman are something I like to consider the American dream: A first love, you can decide if it is the woman or the bike.
The thing about young men is they turn into old men, but many still have that American dream going on strong. I have met many riders including complete strangers while taking cover underneath an overpass during a torrential downpour on the freeway. It is often that you find the attitude of any biker is just that, it’s not if you will crash it is when. I know people who have crashed their motorcycles, but I have been lucky enough to say I have not, yet. There have been close calls in my life, some that changed me at my core by scaring me within inches of my life. I pulled out and saw the gap I had knowing my bike it was plenty fast to get me into traffic, but the light sand gravel on the road left me sliding into the second lane almost dumping me and my bike under a car only managing to save myself and drive away. I remember that day more clearly than almost any other day in my life. Second only to a ride home from work more recently where I came upon a man sitting on the side of the road holding his brain in with a stack of paper towels, that image clarified the officer a block before saying: “You’re not ready to see it” as I passed slowly around the corner into the mess of motorcycle parts scattered on the road. I don’t know if he lived or died.
The bike I bought looked a whole lot different than it does pictured above, but I had access to a full body shop and a mentor who enjoyed sharing the trade. So I tore the tins off the bike and beat them back into shape, sanded, primed, painted, and clear coated all the black you see. It also used to have a small windshield and drag bars that did nothing for protection and looked outdated. I put almost 5,000 miles on that bike and it would barely make it to triple digit speeds, but it loved windy roads, and I like to think it loved me as much as I loved it. I sold it for $850 to an international visitor who wanted to ride it to California three years later, because if I wasn’t ready to take the 30 year old bike to CA, I was willing to let it go without me. This motorcycle story is over, but that “American dream” mentioned earlier isn’t just owning a motorcycle or finding someone, it’s both.

Tuesday, January 24, 2012

Autonomous Vehicles and the Future of American Car Culture

Today in the NewYork Times there was an interesting article entitled "Collision in the Making Between Self-Driving Cars and How the World Works." (1/24/2012, p. B6). Google has developed a small fleet of self-driving vehicles, and the article deals with the kind of changes that would be necessary if these cars became adopted on a large scale. A conference took place recently at Santa Clara Law School on this topic related to technology and society.

Google's Sabastian Thrun has claimed that the autonomous car project has resulted in 200,000 miles of safe transport, and the promise is one where some 33,000+ lives per year will be saved. Google is pushing for states to approve the use of these systems as early as 2013 or 2014, with the completion of limited roads for their use within 20 years.

So will this mark the beginning of the end of the joy of driving? Will driving no longer result in self-realization, autonomy, and freedom, as movements are increasingly "programmed." Chcuk Berry sang songs of the exhileration of driving and driving for driving sake, like in "No Particular Place to Go." Will our journeys be charted in Garmin-like fashion, with little reason to turn off the main highways on to the blue and black by-ways?

Monday, January 23, 2012

Images: WWII and the Automoible in America

Title: Good citizenship and plain common sense. This man is performing a duty every car owner owes to himself and to our fighting men. In having his car adjusted to prevent excessive tire wear--and in observing the simple rules that make tires last longer--he is making a valuable contribution to our war effort. The man who wastes rubber is a poor citizen and blind even to his own personal interests
Related Names: Freeman, Albert , photographer Hollem, Howard R. , photographer Liberman, Howard , photographer Roberts, Martha McMillan , photographer United States. Office of War Information.
Date Created/Published: 1942 July-Sept.
Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Black-and-White Negatives
Part of: Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection (Library of Congress)

Car pooling at Lockheed Vega. New tire-saver is aiding employees seeking rides in "ride cafeteria," recently put to work in the factory area at Lockheed Vega Corporation. Employees with room in their respective cars put filled-out "transportation offered" cards in slots marked by district and shift. Ride seekers read cards to find driver near their residence who can take passengers. Ride seekers also fill out cards in different colors so prospective drivers can locate riders
Creator(s): Bransby, David, photographer

Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Black-and-White Negatives

Tire recapping. A service attendant points out a worn tire that may be recapped under a new plan which removes restrictions on reclaimed camelback rubber for passenger tires. The plan to recap passenger car tires with reclaimed rubber camelback, approved by rubber director William M. Jeffers, was put into effect in February 1943 to reduce the demand for replacement tires and still keep civilian cars in service
Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Black-and-White Negatives
Part of: Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection (Library of Congress)

Friday, January 20, 2012

Vintage American Cars in Havanna, Cuba -- Can you Identify Them?

Hi folks -- these photos are taken from the Carol M. Highsmith collection athe Library of Congress and were taken in 2010. There are numerous photo books of American cars in Cuba; at least three of these are in the University of Dayton library. So let's play a game -- can you identify the cars in these photos -- Make and year?

Thursday, January 19, 2012

Club Auto Racing in China -- Holy Cow! SCC at the Shanghai International Circuit

Thanks to colleague Chris Agnew who pointed this event and group to to me. Photos are from fall SIC Club Challenge, sponsored by the Sports Car Club of Beijing. The Club has 500 rich members, either corporate heads or 2nd generation rich. This is where the real speed is in China.
Founder of SCC, Zhang Kuan, was quoted as saying "Those who do street-racing are never he real rich people. What they drive are not the4 best sports cars either. The real deals are all babied in the private villas. The real racers are hidden underground."

Tuesday, January 17, 2012

The Automobile and Contemporary Art -- the Work of Dustin Schuler

Death of an Era -- 1980

Dance -- 2008

Dance -- 2008

Berwyn, IL car Spindle -- 1989

1963 VW Pelt -- 1983

This second intense reaction to a shortage of oil and gasoline unleashed another wave of discontent related to the automobile and its place in American life. One amusing response was the work of California artist Dustin Shuler (1948-2010). On the night of October 23, 1980 at California State University Domingues Hills, a 1959 Cadillac was illuminated, elevated on four oil drums, and then pierced by a 20 foot “nail” that was dropped 100 feet from a boom crane.26 The Cadillac was then pulled on to its side and left on display in an exhibit entitled “Death of an Era.” Schuler saw this act as akin to a hunt for a wild animal, and later he took apart the Cadillac in a way that left it “skinned,” like an animal pelt. So encouraged by this first work, Schuler subsequently skinned and created pelts of a VW beetle, a Fiat Spider and a Porsche 356C! Schuler summarized his activities this way:
"All the cars I have skinned and, for that matter, all the cars on the road can be considered an endangered species. While I am not arguing for the preservation of this species, I notice the ‘evolution’ that is going on right before my eyes [new cars coming off the docks and old cars being scrapped] and I want to collect a few good specimens before they are gone."

Monday, January 16, 2012

Wolrd War II and American Automobility -- Images

Note -- photos taken from Library of Congress photo collection. I wish I would have used some of these in my book, The Automobile and American Life! Perhaps a 2nd edition!

Automobile salvage. When the scrap is sorted, powerful electric cranes load it into freight cars--each type and grade in a separate car. The crane transfers the scrap from the sorted pile to the car in a matter of moments. To conserve railroad car space and time, each car is completely filled before it is shipped
Creator(s): Perlitch, William, photographer
Related Names: United States. Office of War Information.
Date Created/Published: 1942 Sept.
Repository: Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division Washington, DC 20540 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print

Car pooling at Glenn Martin. Car pooling at the Glenn Martin aircraft plant. The personnel manager, who arranges rides for others, has also joined a "car pool" to save gas and rubber. He is shown entering a worker's car
Creator(s): Liberman, Howard, photographer
Related Names: United States. Office of War Information.
Date Created/Published: 1942 June.
Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-fsa-8e11015 (digital file from original neg.) LC-USE6-D-005019 (b&w film neg.)
Call Number: LC-USE6- D-005019c-P&P
Repository: Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division Washington, DC 20540 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print

Proposed poster for car sharing. Artist's rendering of a proposed poster to promote car sharing. The true objective of group riding is the maximum use of the minimum number of cars. Effective group riding only begins with the swapping of rides. As more and more cars are not available for use in the future, the necessity for this transportation cooperation will become increasingly vital.

Soldier inspecting new bantam truck at Fort Myer, Virginia. This small light truck, known officially as the "Truck 1/4-ton 4x4," is a small, low-silhouette, narrow-tread, 4-wheel drive car without armor protection, which is designed to carry three men and their individual weapons. It can also be used as an ammunition carrier. It is not currently contemplated that the vehicle itself will be armed. If this vehicle proves satisfactory under the exhaustive tests now in progress, its place in the Calvalry Team will be to furnish road and cross-country transportation for small rifile units whose normal function would include reconnaissance, security and dismounted combat. Frequently these rifle units will be employed with mechanized cavalry elements, such as Scout Car platoons, to extend the reconnaissance and supplement the fire power of larger units. This newly developed 1/4-ton truck has many advantages over motorcycles and moto-tricycles: it can carry three men, where the others are designed for two; it has more cross-country ability and ruggedness than the motorcycles; it is relatively quiet; its light weight permits manhandling; it's to be employed to carry either three men or a cargo weapon; it's easily concealed. With a few exceptions, these small vehicles will replace on a one-for-one basis the motortricycles and motorcycles with side cars now in use
Creator(s): Dixon, Royden, photographer

Halftrac scout cars. Another engine for an Army halftrac scout car begins to take form. They're coming through faster and faster every day--engines and cars, both--as the Midwest plant turning out the complete jobs gives everything it has to speeding production. White Motor Company, Cleveland, Ohio
Creator(s): Palmer, Alfred T., photographer
Call Number: LC-USE6- D-003219c-P&P Repository: Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division Washington, DC 20540 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print

Answering Some Questions about the Rise of the Japanese Auto Industry, its Future, and Impact on America

On 12/27/11, Jonah Belser <jbelser.94@gmail.com> wrote:> Dr. Heitmann,>> Thank you so much for your prompt reply! Here are our questions:>>

1) What do you see in the future of the American auto industry with respect> to Japanese competition?
My sense is that the Japanese challenge has peaked, and that we have reached an equillibrium stage in terms of competition and market share in the rivalry between American and Japanese automobile firms. Japanese innovation in terms of production and quality no longer has an edge in the global market place. Everybody uses insourcing and lean, and the Americans are just far more competitive since bottoming out in 2008-9.

2) To what extent are the stereotypes of inefficient American cars and> efficient Japanese cars true? I think the steroetype has broken down the past few years, although Americans still prefer large cars and horsepower. Americans are genrally too fat; consequently they are comfortable in larger cars and SUVs, and like it that way. Additionally, Japanese cars rarely are "cult; cars; rarely do we want to keep a Japanese car -- we dispose them like appliances.

3) How has the American automobile shaped American culture?>Wow -- read my book The Automobile and American Life -- in music, film, literature, and of course the shaping of society and social habits.

4) What do American cars symbolize to the American people? What do Japanese> cars symbolize to the Japanese people?It used to be status, freedom, mobility for Americans, particularly to about 1970 although to some degree that is changing among younger Americans.

5) How may the American identity be affected by the increased demand for> Japanese cars over American cars? A great question. For the longerst time, we wer influenced by ideas that touted American exceptionalism -- that we were somehow different from others, and that included our values and virtue. Since the coming of the Japanese cars we have been emphasizing pluralism far more in discussions concerning the future of our society. Are these two phenomenon connected or not? I am not sure, but perhaps the sue of mateiral goods reshape our thoughts about the people who make them.

6) How does the rise of Japanese auto manufacturers relate to the American> and global economies?Certainly their rise is part of the story of deindustrialization in America post-1973, and the decline in per capita income and the working middle classes in the U.S.

Sunday, January 8, 2012

An Electric Car from the 1950s -- the "Pioneer" from Nic-L-Silver Battery Company

From an article published in Sports Car Illustrated, January, 1960, p. 32 ff.

The two seater body was made of laminated fiberglass, and it had a removable hardtop. Behind the bucket seats were 12 4 -volt series wired batteries made by Nic-L-Silver. These lead cell batteries have two cells each with 31 plates per cell and a capacity of eight hours at 235 ampere hours.

A box frame construction carried a full torsion suspension similar to that a of a VW of the era. Top speed was 50 mph. A hydraulic brake system an conventional steering system was also featured in this 95 inch wheelbase vehicle.

The inventor-entrepreneur for all of this was George Lippincott, who hoped to build ten cars a day with the market being power companies and postal authorities.

The car had two electric motors and a stated range of 100 to 150 miles, depending on how the vehicle was driven. Price was stated at $1995, with a $300 cost to replace batteries when that happens.

Syllabus: HST 344, The Automobile and American Life, Spring, 2012

Sorry folks -- formatting went crazy here upon moving from Word to this blog. Dates and assignments are correct, however.

HST 344 -- Science, Technology and the Modern Corporation: The Automobile and American Life

Class Meeting: MWF 1-1:50 p.m., HM 125

Instructor: John A. Heitmann

Office: 435HM (x92803).

Office Hours: 2:00-2:50 MW or by appointment
E-Mail: Jheitmann1@udayton.edu
Blog page: http://www.automobileandamericanlife.blogspot.com

Texts: John Heitmann, The Automobile and American Life.
Jack Keroauc, On the Road.
Ben Hamper, Rivethead.
Tom Wolfe, The Kandy-Kolored Tangerine-Flake Streamline Baby.

Grades: The final grade for this course will be based on two hour exams, (60%), occasional quizzes, and final exam (30%). The grade scale is as follows: A 94 to 100; A- 90 to 93; B+ 87-89; B 84-86; B- 80 - 83; C+ 77-79; C 74-76; C- 70-73. A similar pattern applies to lower grades. Letter grades are assigned a mid-point numerical grade. Additionally, attendance can influence your final grade: if you miss more than 3 classes, one letter grade will be deducted from your grade; if you miss more than 6 classes, a two letter grade reduction will take place. A good grade for this course is a C+. Grade averages may be influenced by such factors as trends over the time of the course; for example, how you finish is far more important than how you start. Policies for exams strictly follows History Department Guidelines, and make-ups will only be offered with a valid, documented excuse.

Attendance at lectures is crucial if you are to expect a good grade in the course, and I want you to be at every class if that is at all possible. On many occasions material presented is not covered in the readings, and so many of the ideas discussed central to the development of modern science are complex and often confusing. Your attitude and what you bring in to the classroom can make the difference between a mediocre offering and a most positive educational experience.
Cheating and plagiarism will not be tolerated and offenses will be punished accordingly. A first offense will result in a failing grade for the exam or paper in question; a second offense will result in a failing grade for the course.

Course Purpose: It has been said that the automobile is the perfect technological symbol of American culture, a tangible expression of our quest to level space, time and class, and a reflection of our restless mobility, social and otherwise. In this course we will explore together the place of the automobile in American life, and how it transformed business, life on the farm and in the city, the nature and organization of work, leisure time, and the arts. This is a most complex transition that we will study, as the automobile transformed everyday life and the environment in which we operate. It influenced the foods we eat; music we listen to; risks we take; places we visit; errands we run; emotions we feel; movies we watch; stress we endure; and, the air we breathe.


The week of:

Week 1/January 18 Introduction; What our cars tell us about ourselves.

The car in everyday life: the automobile age and its contradictions. Automotive Pioneers
Reading: Heitmann, Introduction, Chapter 1.
Films: “Wild Wheels”; “Horatio’s Drive.”

Week 2/January 23 Putting America on the Road; Henry Ford and the Model T
Reading: Heitmann, Chapter 2.
Film: “Automobile Parade;” “Gussle’s Day of Rest.”

Week 3/January 30 Stealing Cars; The Rise of General Motors
Reading: Heitmann, pp. 54-63.
Film: “Master Hands;” "Roger and Me."

Week 4/February 6 Advertising, Styling, Design and the Art of the Automobile
Reading: Heitmann, pp. 64-71.
Film: “Automobile Advertising 1910-1940.”

Week 5/February 13 On the Road
Reading: Heitmann, Chapter 4.
Films: “Grapes of Wrath;” “Route 66;" “Detour;” Keroauc: On the Road"

February 17: Exam 1 -- on this exam you will be tested on the Keroauc book.

Week 6/ February 20 Religion, Courtship and Sex
Readings: Heitmann, Chapter 5.
Films: “Thelma and Louise”; “Motorcycle Diaries”

Week 7/ February 27 The Interwar Years: The Great Depression Aerodynamics, and Cars of the Olympian Age
Readings: Heitmann, Chapter 6.
Films: “The Crowd Roars;” “Burn Em’Up Barnes.”

Mid-Term Break: Holiday March 2

Week 8/March 5 World War II: Detroit, the Arsenal of Democracy
Readings: Heitmann, Chapter 7
Film: “Jitterbugs.”

Week 9/ March 12 The Post War Industry and Technological Suppression

Readings: Heitmann, pp. 133-154.
Film: “Tucker”

Week 10/ March 19 Chrome Dreams of the 1950s
Jan & Dean and the Beach Boys
Readings: Heitmann, pp.154-163.
Film: “American Graffiti”

Week 11/ March 26 The Rise of the American Muscle Car
Readings: Heitmann, pp.164-178.
Films: “Goldfinger;” “Thunderball” “Bullitt.”

Test 2 March 30 -- you will be tested on the Wolfe book at this time

Week 12/ April 2&4 Oil Shock I: Japan, James Bond, and Mobile Lovemaking

Readings: Heitmann, pp. 178-184.
Film: “Easy Rider;” Toby Halicki's "Gone in Sixty Seconds"

Week 13/April 11, 16 and 20 The Automobile World Upside Down, 1980s to the Present.

Readings: Heitmann, pp.185-194.
Film: “Fast and Furious; Tokyo Drift;”

"The Last Truck: Closing of a GM Plant"

April 18 Stander Symposium

Week 15/April 23 The Automobile Industry and the Future; Sum Up
Reading: Heitmann, pp.194-206.
Film: “The Revenge of the Electric Car”

April 27 Last Day of Classes
Heitmann, Epilogue.

FINAL EXAM, Friday, May 4, 12:20 --2:10 p.m. On this exam you will be tested on the Ben Hamper Book.