Tuesday, May 1, 2012

Early Internal Combustion Pioneers: Lenoir, Otto, Clerk, Bernardi, and Delamare-Deboutteville

Lenoir Engine

                                                                      Otto Engine
                                                                      Nicholas Otto
                                                                    Ad for Clerk engine

                                                                        Enrico Bernardi

Many Europeans experimented with using illuminating gas and petroleum as fuels for mechanical transport through internal combustion in the 1860s and later; notable among these were Etienne Lenoir in Paris, Nicholas Otto in Cologne, Dugald Clerk in Scotland, Enrico Bernardi in Italy, and Edouard Delamare-Deboutteville in France. But the first successes of major consequence in applying lightweight gasoline engines to vehicles came in southwestern Germany.

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